The Emergence of Feminism in Fiji


This article traces the etymology of Indo-Fijian (Fiji Indian) feminisms in Fiji. In the first section, the resistances of female indentured laborers (for example, Sukhrania, Naraini and Kunti) are recovered as reflections of early forms of individualized feminisms in the early 1900s. In the second section, it is proposed that the informal and organic, yet socially significant movement of Indian women laborers in Fiji in the 1920s comprised one of the first collective intersections of gendered, classed and ethnicized relationships in Fiji. The 1930 (post-indenture) women’s movement, with its main emphasis on economic empowerment, is included in the discussion of Indo-Fijian feminisms in the third section. The conclusion highlights that while each phase of the early feminist movement in Fiji focused on a different set of concerns that impacted on the lives of Indo-Fijian women, this group of women
have played and continue to play a prominent role in furthering the rights of women
nationally and regionally.

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Research Type(s)
Journal Article
Submitted by Margaret Mishra
April 1, 2021
Published in
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