This chapter outlines the gendered dimension of climate change and disasters by using the Pacific as a case study. When we look at the context of gender, climate change and disasters only deepen existing inequalities for women and girls. Many women and girls are more likely to live in poverty than men and have limited access to resources, land and assets, and there are also the cultural, attitudinal and institutional barriers that affect women’s ability to participate in decision making, especially around building resilience. As such, it is imperative that laws and policies around climate change and disaster risk reduction and management recognize the inequalities and vulnerabilities of women and girls to ensure that there is a targeted approach to supporting the strengthening of women’s resilience. These underlying issues mean that in the context of climate change and disasters, women will struggle significantly compared to men. Fiji is made up of many small islands that are prone to natural disasters and the impacts of climate change, that is sea-level rise, ocean warming, tropical cyclones, floods and droughts. These challenges are felt across many communities and villages because of adverse weather conditions resulting in damaged food crops, homes being destroyed, small businesses shutting down, food insecurity and other interlinked vulnerabilities.