This booklet summarizes lessons that emerged from the in-depth assessment of the Socio-cultural Research on Gender-based Violence in Solomon Islands and Kiribati conducted in 2009 by the same consultant who wrote this booklet. The studies in these two countries were undertaken in 2008 as part of a UNFPA-initiated and supported multi-country study on VAW in the Pacific. The three countries involved in the multi-country study in the Pacific Region are Samoa (representing Polynesia), Solomon Islands (Melanesia) and Kiribati (Micronesia). The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) was the implementing agency for all three studies and AusAID provided funds for the latter two in addition to the support provided by UNFPA. The in-depth assessment in 2009 covering the Solomon Islands and Kiribati aimed to evaluate the process and quality of the research implementation. The assessment occurred following completion of the research, at the time that the research reports with results for both countries were being finalized. The assessment used individual and group interviews with representatives from implementing and donor agencies, NGOs, other stakeholders and project staff, as well as document reviews. It documented challenges faced and lessons learned in the process of carrying out the research, with special attention for the quantitative component of the research and for the transition from research results to policy and interventions.