How Do Perceptions of Relative Poverty Affect Women’s Empowerment? Evidence from Papua New Guinea: Discussion Paper

Katrina Kosec
Cecilia Hyunjung Mo
Emily Schmidt
Jie Song

Employing an established survey treatment to subtly alter respondents’ perception of their relative economic wellbeing, it was noted that increased feelings of relative poverty make both women and men significantly more likely to support girls’ schooling and women’s paid employment, suggesting that relative economic insecurity can prompt support for women’s economic participation. However, increased feelings of relative poverty may trigger greater intra-household tension. While increased perceptions of relative poverty cause women to want more household decision-making authority, men’s attitudes toward women’s roles in decision making are unchanged.

Results underscore the complicated nature of gender attitudes, and how support for women’s economic participation may rise without simultaneous increases in women’s agency in decision making.

Research Type(s)
UN/IGO Document
Submitted by Toksave
March 23, 2021
Published in
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