The economies of Pacific Island nations are changing and these changes are having significant impacts on the nature of rural and urban life. Increasing numbers of people are on the move to the cities and towns of their home countries and beyond. Across the region, new agreements to allow free trade and promote economic growth are under discussion. These new agreements are expected to produce significant economic and social changes for Pacific communities in the future. Economic change has the potential to affect men and women differently, both positively and negatively. Understanding how economic change is affecting gender relations makes it possible to act in ways that minimise negative impacts and promote the kind of economic development that benefits both women and men. This manual includes a range of tools to assist in keeping track of what is happening to women and men in the local economy in the context of these broader change processes. These tools are designed to collect information about indicators of gender equality and economy. The indicators have been developed from research undertaken by the authors and their research partners that explored the lived experiences of women and men, young and old, in Fiji and the Solomon Islands.