Violence against women is a barrier to the achievement not only of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 3, but of all the MDGs. Lack of data and agreed methods and standards for measuring its various forms prevented the inclusion of an indicator of violence against women for the MDG3 target. Although there has now been considerable progress in the development of tools and techniques, there is still a need for much greater investment in measurement of violence against women, and in documenting the monetary and nonmonetary costs of violence. Similarly, while the evidence base has grown on good and promising practices for interventions, more rigorous evaluations are needed to demonstrate what works. Progress on the MDG3 indicators for educational parity and women’s employment could be accelerated by adding a focus on violence against women. Sexual harassment in workplaces and in the informal sector is a major barrier to women’s economic empowerment which has not yet been systematically addressed in the Pacific Island region, although there are examples of successful strategies elsewhere. Likewise, there has been little utilization in the region of proven strategies to make education safer for girls. The paper concludes with some suggestions for ODE’s proposed gender evaluation around MDG3.