Vanuatu has a high rate of domestic violence significantly affecting human rights, social, health and economic development. The Vanuatu government made the commitment to prevent and respond to domestic violence through the enactment of the Family Protection Act (FPA) in 2008. This act aims to prevent domestic violence and promote a harmonious family relationship. The implementation of FPA continues to be met with social, cultural, religious, political, and economic challenges. Domestic violence prevention work in Vanuatu is highly challenging and requires significant investment into changing the attitudes and behaviours of women and men. Primary prevention and a whole-of-government, civil society and community approach needs greater focus and investment.