The Pacific region has the lowest parliamentary representation of women in the world. Of the 14 Pacific countries which are the primary focus of this report there are only 23 women Members of national Parliaments, a mere 4.7% of elected representatives. Progress over the last decade has been very slow or non-existent, despite many millions of dollars being spent, and commitments to gender equality through a range of national and regional plans, declarations and international conventions. In some countries like Vanuatu representation has actually declined, while the Federated States of Micronesia has yet to elect any women to its national Parliament. Comprehensive base line data on women’s representation in all sub-national legislatures across the Pacific is not available. Although data suggests that women are making some progress at this level in some countries, much work is also needed at sub-national level to increase the current low levels of representation.