Fiji is a patrilineal society and tribal land ownership passes down the male line. In terms of their use of land and other natural resources including forests, men and women in Fiji have traditional and distinct gender roles. Food, fruit, nuts, herbal medicines and building materials for most Fijian traditional communities have been sourced from forests (Bynoe et al. 2011). Women have good knowledge of forests and plants that are used for traditional herbal medicines for all types of ailments. Women also use the forest to collect firewood and food such as wild yams. Seasonal abundance of food crops, fruits, nuts and vegetables are well known to both men and women. Men dominate decision-making processes concerning the management of forests and use of forest products. They also dominate decision-making on management of other natural resources and any form of development targeting traditional Fijian communities in villages. Women’s participation in forest governance at the national level or traditional community level is therefore very limited.