New Zealand is a relatively prosperous OECD member with a tradition of liberal democracy. Fiji remains a developing nation with a large subsis-tence agriculture sector and one-quarter of its people living in poverty. Its socio-economic difﬁculties have contributed to four Coups d’État since Fiji attained independence in 1970. This comparative study examines these South Paciﬁc neighbours’ considerable employment regulatory change amid economic liberalisation framed by neo-liberal market ideology, before focus-ing on the gendered impacts of this change. A thematic analysis of qualita-tive survey and documentary evidence reveals a link between regulatory forms and working women’s progress, mediated by national and interna-tional pressures. The ﬁndings inform a model of regulatory approaches that can inﬂuence women’s relationship with the labour market.