Entitlement to land constitutes an important base for a person’s status in Haku society on Buka Island. Associated with it are political consequences for the individual as well as for the society. This chapter by Roselyne Kenneth in ‘Bougainville Before the Conflict’ (ed. by Anthony Regan and Helga Griffin) the focus is on the part played by both men and women in negotiations and decisions governing access to agricultural land in their communities, especially the part played by ‘maternal uncles’ and womens’ voices in such processes. This chapter also examines to what extent sociopolitical changes have affected the standing of women and their authority in contemporary society.