Agency and Action: Gender Inclusion in Planning for Climate Change-Induced Human Mobility in Fiji


Once considered the last resort of climate change adaptation measures, planned relocation, is
now a necessity for many globally. Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDs) have
contributed the least to the climate crisis yet remain the most affected by immediate and slow
onset impacts of climate change and environmental degradation. Pacific SIDs have been
forced to make difficult but critical decisions in protecting their people, by having to move
them to safer ground. As with any crisis, the impacts of the climate crisis are gendered and
affect historically marginalised groups the worst, this includes of women, girls, and gender
non-conforming communities. This article uses critical discourse analysis to explore the
gender dimensions of climate change induced displacement and planned relocation for
communities in Fiji, that have had to move from their homes because of climate disruptions,
either voluntarily or involuntarily. It uses a feminist lens and argues that as countries plan for
potential planned relocations, adaptation efforts need to prioritise gender and social inclusion
to ensure it recognises agency, is sustainable and transformative in a way that does not add to
or reinforce existing inequalities.

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Research Type(s)
Book Chapter
Submitted by Betty Barkha
November 16, 2023
Published in
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